MATH 204 PRACTICE MIDTERM III
Please work out each of
the given problems on your own paper.
Credit will be based on the steps that you show towards the final answer.
Show your work.
y'' + xy' + 2y = 0, y(0) = 0, y'(0) = 1
Plugging back into the original differential equation gives
Now adjust the sums so that they all contain the same powers of x.
Now pull out the n = 0 term and combine the sums
Next use the initial conditions to get
a0 = 0 a1 = 1
2a2 + 2a0 = 0
a2 = 0
The recursion relationship gives
(n + 2)(n + 1)an+2 + (n + 2)an = 0
Hence all the even coefficients are 0. The odds are
Determine the general solution of the differential equation that is valid in any interval not including the singular point.
x2y'' - xy' + y = 0
y = xr
y' = rxr-1 y'' = r(r - 1)xr-2
Substituting back into the original equation gives
r(r - 1)xr - rxr + xr = 0
r2 - r - r + 1 = r2 - 2r + 1 = 0
(r - 1)2 = 0
r = 1 (repeated twice)
y = (c1 + c2 ln|x|) |xr|
the following differential equation
y(0) = y'(0) = 0
Since this is a piecewise defined differential equation, we use the method of Laplace Transforms.
L(y'') + 4L(y) = L(g) = L[sin t (1 - u2p(t)) = L(sin t) - L[(sin t) u2p(t)]
Solving for L(y), we get
Now use partial fractions
As + B Cs + D
(As + B)(s2 + 1) + (Cs + D)(s2 + 4) = 1
As3 + Bs2 + As + B + Cs3 + Ds2 + 4Cs + 4D = 0
Equating coefficients gives
A + C = 0 B + D = 0 A + 4C = 0 B + 4D = 0
This has solution
A = 0 B = -1/3 C = 0 D = 1/3
Putting this together gives
Now take the inverse Laplace Transform to get
y = 1/3 ( sin(2t) - sin t - u2p sin(2t) + u2p sin t)
the general solution of the given system of equations and describe the behavior
of the solution as
Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix.
= (-2 - l)(-2 - l) - 1 = l2 + 4l + 4 - 1
= l2 + 4l + 3 = (l + 3)(l + 1) = 0
Thus the eigenvalues are
l = -3 and l = -1
Now find the eigenvectors
v-3: Plugging in -3 for l, we get
Which has (1,-1) in its null space.
v-1: Plugging in -1 for l, we get
Which has (1,1) in its null space.
The solution is
x1 = c1e-3x + c2e-x
x2 = -c1e-3x + c2e-x
electric circuit is describes by the system of differential equations
Suppose that R = 1 ohm, C
= ½ farad, and L = 1 henry.
Find the general solution of the system in this case.
Plugging in the numbers we get the matrix
Now find the eigenvalues
Take the determinant to get
(-l)(-2 - l) + 2 = l2 + 2l + 2 = 0
The roots of this quadratic are
-1 + i and -1 - i
v-1+i: Plugging in -1 + i for l, we get
The first row gives
(1 - i)x + y = 0
y = (-1 + i)x
So the corresponding eigenvector is
v-1+i = (1,-1 + i)
Hence the general solution is given by
I(t) = c1e-t cost + c2e-t sin t
V(t) = c1e-t(-cos t - sin t) + c2e-t (cos t - sin t)
Find I(t) and V(t)
if I(0) = 2 amperes and V(0)
= 1 volt.
Plug in to get
0 = c1
1 = -c1 + c2
The solution is
I(t) = e-t sin t
V(t) = e-t (cos t - sin t)
For the circuit of part A. determine the limiting values of I(t)
and V(t) as
Do these limiting values depend on the initial conditions?
Since the e-t term dominates all expressions, both the current and voltage will drop to zero as time approaches infinity independent of the initial conditions.
answer the following true or false.
If true, explain why.
If false, explain why or provide a counter-example.
function that is not continuous at x = 2
, then the Laplace transform of f(x)
not continuous at x = 2
False, consider u2(t) which is not continuous at 2. The Laplace transform is e-2s / s which is continuous at 2.
B. Let be a solution of the differential equation
x = -1 is in the interval of
convergence of y(x).
False, the solution converges inside (0,2) which does not contain -1.